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Saint-Pierre and Saint-Paul Church

( Municipality of Milizac)





GPS : 48°27'59.4 N   4°33'59.5 W




L'église et son enclos

Access : From St-Renan, take the D38 road towards Milizac.
Park in front of the church enclosure.


One enters the enclosure through a metal grid surmounted by a beautiful ogee arch. Dominating the entrance, two small statues watch over the visitors. They are Saint Peter and Saint Paul, the patrons saints of the church, whose symbols are repeated on the grid.


Clés de Saint Pierre
Saint Pierre

St. Peter and the keys to Paradise

    It seems only natural that this church should be dedicated to two apostles of Christ. Yet, in Milizac as in other parishes around, there is probably a more or less voluntary transfer from a local cult to traditional saints of the Church. This confusion would relate to the passage in the country of Saint Pol Aurélien, the monk evangelizer of this part of Armorica. The tradition wants that in the VIth century, coming from Wales, Saint Paul - or Pol - Aurélien, after having reached Ouessant island, would have approached the continent in Porspaul, the port of Lampaul-Plouarzel. Accompanied by several dozen disciples, he would have founded the monastery of the Priory there. Then he would have entrusted to one of them, called Peter, the direction of a small community that he would have installed in Lamber ( Lann-Per, the monastery of Peter in Breton). Paul-Aurélien would then have reached Lampaul-Ploudalmézeau, and then Batz island where it is said that he would have rid the population of a terrible dragon. It is proven that Clovis' son, King Childebert 1st, appointed him bishop and offered him the bishopric of Castel-Paol, the present St-Pol-de-Léon. Thereafter, the cult towards the two apostles would have replaced that, too local and not recognized, towards Pol Aurélien and his disciple Peter.

The church of Milizac, in its oldest part, dates from the XVIIth century as evidenced by a stone inscription on the apse's wall.


Inscription

    It reads the name of the rector of the time, Sir Pierre Pen, the name of architect Y. Jestin and the date 1652.

But since then other changes have taken place. The porch dates back to 1690. It is difficult to read several inscriptions that also signed works.


Inscriptions

M.P.   Y.QVEMENEVR. I
IOVAN.   P.LABBE.   C
1735


    Higher up, in a niche, a statue of Saint Peter surmounts a more legible inscription, probably more recent.


Niche
Saint Peter, pray for us.

    As for the bell tower, it dates from 1716. It was then repaired after a storm in 1833, then again in 1944 and finally in 1953.

Le clocher

It has two superimposed galleries, each overlooking a bell room. Its openwork spire with hooks has an octagonal section. At the corners, on three floors, each pilaster is held by a buttress arch.


Le clocher

   

The spire was struck down by lightning in 1867. It was immediately rebuilt identically.

At its base, the large portal, not used nowadays, has no decoration.


Le clocher

Between the two massive buttresses, one discovers old coats of arms almost completely eroded. It should not be forgotten that these stone coats of arms were once painted in bright colours. After careful study, heraldist Michel Mauguin has come up with the following reconstruction:



pennon actuel

© photo Michel Mauguin
pennon reconstitué

© Michel Mauguin


    The central coat of arms is that of the Kernezne, a large noble Breton family. Michel Mauguin explains in french the composition which associates different coats of arms of the XVIth century :


Blason
© Michel Mauguin


It should be noted that the porch of the current entrance is not located at the centre of the building's wing that receives it. The reason for this can be undestood by seeing the four small windows and the two built-in holy-water basins on the left into the wall.


L'ossuaire

Behind these openings, which are now glazed, is the emplacement of the former ossuary. In the past, as the bays were not closed, one could pray from the outside and throw holy water on the bones of the deceased who were stored there in order to reuse their graves.

Placed above the porch, an original sundial dates from 1963.


Cadran solaire

It is not only there for decorative use because it fully respects the imperatives of the specialty.
( Milizac's sundial )


To enter the nave it is necessary to cross the porch where thrones a very old Pietà in kersanton.


Pietà


    The state of erosion of this once polychrome statuette is surprising for a work so well sheltered. The porch having been built in 1690, it must be concluded that this statue was already at this site before this date, but outside and exposed to bad weather. And since it takes well over 300 years to corrode the kersanton to this extent, we can assume that the statue was recovered from the previous church where, still outside, it had already welcomed visitors for several centuries.

The nave :

    The interior of the building is vast. The nave has five bays with semicircular arches flanked by two aisles.

La nef

La nef

    The vault, panelled in a barrel and painted blue, is decorated with golden stars.
A very deep gallery was built against the recessed bell tower.

La nef depuis la tribune

   The nave is decorated with a rich collection of banners that are pulled out during processions. Some of them, very old, are works of art.

Bannière

   Stations of a cross-path decorate the walls of the aisles.

Chemin de croix

   Two beautiful confessionals await the parishioners.


confessionnal
confessionnal


   The transept, two spans wide, houses the Sacred Heart Chapel and its beautiful altarpiece.



Sacré Cœur

    The chancel :

The altar and the tabernacle are enthroned in the flat chevet chancel.

Chœur

    The statues of the patron saints of the church, Saint Peter and Saint Paul, watch over the services.


St Pierre

Saint Peter (Sant Per in Breton )
St Paul

Saint Paul (Sant Paol in Breton )

Both apostles are represented wearing a tiara. Saint Peter, considered the first pope, holds the key to Paradise and leans on the pontifical cross. Saint Paul, with a very expressive face, shows the epistles, the first written documents of Christianity, which are from his pen.

    The stained-glass windows:

The master window that illuminates the chancel represents the Crucifixion.

Crucifixion

It is framed by a Nativity and the Holy Family in the carpenter's workshop.

Nativité
Sainte Famille


   At the ends of the transept, we recognize the Marriage at Cana and the resurrection of Jairus's daughter by Jesus Christ.

Noces de Cana
Fille de Jaïre


   All these stained-glass windows are made with the same invoice but only the one representing the Holy Family bears a signature: workshops Léglise.

   Finally, along the aisles, the two stained-glass windows that seem to come from another workshop represent the Ascension and the Assumption.

Ascension
Assomption


The baptismal font:

Before leaving the nave, let's take a look in the alcove at the far left of the nave. It's in this family space that the marble baptismal font is located :

Baptistère
The copper lid of the basin is decorated with an uraeus


The Chapel of Saint Anne:

A second building with a bell tower stands in the parish enclosure. It dates from the XVIth century and is only open to the public on certain occasions.

Chapelle

The interior is both modern and sober.

L'autel

La Cène

The Last Supper



Yannick Loukianoff



READ MORE

Thanks to Michel MAUGUIN who carried out heraldic research on the lords of the surrounding manor houses and kindly communicated them to us to put them below at the disposal of the Net surfers.




© Michel Mauguin

Read this document


Let us also mention the following work :


"Nouveau répertoire des églises et chapelles"
René Couffon, Alfred Le Bars, Diocese of Quimper and Leon,
Quimper, Diocesan Association, 1988, 551 p



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